Interlayer Assisted Molybdenum Coatings on Steel through LISITM

Note:  For final results, please read Molybdenum-on-Chromium Dual Coating on Steel.

Note:  To view the animation, please download the powerpoint presentation below.


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Molybdenum coating, Steel, Metal powders, Laser alloying, Surface engineering, Fiber laser, Galvanic scan mirrors

Presentation Transcript:

Properties of Mo
> High melting temperature (~2623oC)
> High hardness (~1530 VHN)
> No reaction with water and oxygen at RT
> Good weldability
> Good ductility and fabricability
> Good machinability
> Good thermal conductivity
> Low coefficient of thermal expansion

Why Mo on Steel >

Direct LD of Mo on Steel: Problems
> Melting point of Mo (~2623oC) is much higher than that of steel (~1530oC).
> Mo and Fe form high and low temperature intermetallics.
> Intermediate layers of materials that don>t form intermetallics with Steel and Mo
Chemistry & Stoichiometry
> Cr* = Cr + CrB2 eutectic mixture (9:1) - IML
> Mo* = Mo + MoB eutectic mixture (7:3) - ML
> B gives additional hardness
Process: LISITM
> Laser Induced Surface Improvement
> Uses pre-placed powder (precursor)
> Precursor = Metal powders + Binder
> Dry for few hours
> Laser process

Intermediate layer = Cr + 10.5%CrB2 + 50% binder
Main layer = Mo + 30% MoB + 85% binder
Precursor Deposition
Laser Deposition
EDS Analysis
Microhardness: Cr* IML
Microhardness: Mo* ML
Erosion: Cr* IML
Erosion: Mo* ML
Erosion: Comparison
> A thick Mo coating
> Dilution within permissible range
> Very hard ML and IML
> Erosion of the ML is worse than the IML

Overall: Good Mo coating!
(grade: B)
No conclusion: We are still working !!

Further investigation
> XRD studies for phase determination
> Wear studies
> Fine tuning of process parameters to further reduce dilution and continuity of the layers


Thank You

(I appreciate your patience)